Research Report “Labour Migration Patterns, Policies and Migration Propensity in the Western Balkans” has now been published.
IOM has commissioned the Central European Forum for Migration and Population Research (CEFMR) in Warsaw to undertake research into migration trends, policies and migration potential in the Western Balkan region.
Latest migration trends and statistics related to migration movements from, to and within the region: Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo under UNSCR 1244, Montenegro and Serbia are analysed. The report also gives an overview of countries’ migration policies, particularly in the context of the EU enlargement process as well as puts forward for consideration a number of policy recommendations.
The report finds that data on migration and the labour markets in Western Balkan countries is of limited and inadequate quality. There is considerable diversity among the countries regarding changes of stocks of migrants resident abroad and varying propensity to migrate (high in Kosovo under 1244, medium to high in Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Bosnia & Herzegovina, and low in Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro). Labour migration policies in the region are not at the centre of migration policies in general, despite the relevance of labour migration flows, especially emigration. Diaspora issues, remittances and return of nationals are common concerns to the countries in the region.
Finally, authors recommend improving the understanding of migration processes and systems in the Western Balkans, as well as migration and the labour market statistics in Western Balkan countries. A declining propensity to emigrate invites the consideration, whether it is necessary to restrict the freedom of labour movement in Western Balkan countries following their accession to the European Union. There is a need for more bilateral cooperation on labour migration between countries of origin and destination, and a need to address regional labour migration flows.
To download the full copy of the report, click here.